FGUP GosNIIAS AT THE NORTH POLE
Development strategy of the Russian Arctic and national security for the period until 2020, approved by the President of the Russian Federation – Vladimir Putin, one of the priorities of the state activity in the Arctic is the complex socio-economic development of the Arctic zone, the development of science and technology, military security, defense and protection of the Russian Federation state border.
In April this year FGUP GosNIIAS experts successfully completed the task of organizing and conducting experimental research to use in Arctic conditions, in the interest of the state and the civil aviation system ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance Broadcast) Mode 4, deployable in the Russian Federation according to the programme "Introduction of the Broadcasting Automatic Surveillance (2011-2020)", approved by the Russian Ministry of Transport.
Beforehand in October 2015 FGUP GosNIIAS jointly with NITA Limited Liability Company (LLC) and Military Transport Aviation Command conducted with positive results research testing on using in the interests of the Military Transport Aviation the ADS-B VDL-4 airborne and ground-based hardware and software at the the airfield Migalovo (Tver) base involving three IL-76MD aircraft. They confirmed the possibility of radarless aircraft control by the mission management team and ATM system, situational awareness implementation due to mutual surveillance of aircraft and other stationary and mobile objects, including the landing site, an effective solution of the search and rescue problem. A decision made by the Russian Aerospace Forces Commander has approved the continuation of these research activities in the Arctic Region.
In January 2016 according to an appeal made by the Military Airlift commander Lieutenant-General V. Benediktov specialists of the Institute started to organize experimental research as part of preparing activities on the air support of carrying out the high-latitude Arctic expedition "Barneo-2016" held by the Russian Geographical Society Expeditionary Center and the Federal Air Transport Agency.
The Institute experts have conducted activities on the development and approval by the developers of the draft design documentation, as well as on installing the ADS-B MDL-4 equipment, on a temporary scheme, for seven aircraft:
three IL-76MD aircraft and an AN-72 of the state aviation (Tver, Chkalovskiy);
an An-74 of the airline company "PMA "SHAR INK.LTD"(Moscow);
two Mi-8T helicopters of the "Aero Geo" airlines (Krasnoyarsk).
Studies and exercises have been conducted with flight crew members on the ADS-B VDL-4 onboard equipment usage pattern for the period of carrying out experimental research in the Arctic Region.
The Department 1900 specialists Sychev Igor Anatolievich and Chernyshev Yuri Petrovich within the group of the Russian Geographical Society Expeditionary Center experts led by Glagolev Dmitry Anatolievich directly participated in the preparation and implementation of the IL-76MD flights from the airport of Murmansk to the North Pole for the purpose of paradrop and a parachute assault in deploying a high-latitude Arctic expedition.
In a short time, Vitaly Vladimirovich Basov (an employee of Subdivision 1900), went to "conquer" the North Pole. For a week Basov V.V. lived in polar conditions at the Barneo ice airfield, providing, with a patriotic mood and attitude, technical assistance in the installation and operation of the ADS-B MDL-4 equipment during the high-latitude Arctic expedition activities. The NITA LLC employees provided technical support for the deployment and operation of the ADS-B MDL-4 small-sized station in the interests of the Barneo aerodrome flight operations director; it allowed to implement the possibility of observing the aircraft at a distance of 300 km.
The main tasks of the experimental research were:
development (refinement) of the information exchange of objects on datalines "aircraft – aircraft" and "aircraft – ground – aircraft" in terms of monitoring tasks for air traffic situation on air routes in real time;
assessment of the possibility of the ADS-B VDL-4 use and implementation in the interests of the Military Transport Aviation tasks in the Arctic region to enhance safety in the air space, monitor the aircraft when flying on routes, improve aircraft efficiency in the group flight management, solving landing problems, ensuring interaction with the Project Implementation Unit (PIU), objects on the landing site, landing on the ice airfield runway located on a drifting ice floe and labeled with the means of ADS-B VDL-4, and others;
determination of the maximum ADS-B VDL-4 hardware and software interaction range between the aircraft and mobile ground command flight / landing control station, as well as of the observation range for space-saving ADS-B hardware and software within the program of flights on the high-latitude Arctic expedition aviation support;
assessment of the ADS-B hardware and software performance, in particular the performance in a space-saving configuration, in the Arctic weather and high-latitude geographical conditions;
implementation of the operational meteorological information "METAR" transfer through the line "ground – aircraft";
refining recommendations on the integrated ADS-B technology implementation for monitoring the air traffic participants, ground and other objects, organization of interaction while performing tasks in the Arctic region.
Through using the ADS-B VDL-4 equipment functionality the mission to ensure the mutual monitoring for the participants of the experiment, the interaction in solving the problems of airdrop and aircraft landing on a drifting ice floe has been implemented. With the aid of ADS-B VDL-4 small-sized equipment (beacons) developed in the Subdivision 1900 (one of which is represented in our museum), information was provided on the runway position in the pilot’s electronic tablet, so that the crews were able to execute landing approach safely.
Experimental results have confirmed the usefulness of the ADS-B VDL-4 system to support the activities of the civil and state aviation in the Arctic. FGUP GosNIIAS plans to continue further cooperation with the Military Transport Aviation and the Russian Geographical Society.