GosNIIAS SCIENTIFIC SCHOOLS
«Methods of data processing in modern control systems»
Chief: Academician of the Russian Academy of Science
The Grant of the President of the Russian Federation on the state support of
leading scientific schools of the Russian Federation - NSh-1783.2003.8
The scientific school of the Academician of the Russian
Academy of sciences of E.A.Fedosov has developed in 1970-1980 on the basis
of development of problems of data processing in complex dynamic control
systems for special objects. Within the framework of scientific school such
leading specialists have grown in the field of control processes and data
processing as Corresponding member of Russian Academy of Science G.G.
Sebryakov, professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences Stefanov V.A., professor,
Doctor of Technical Sciences Insarov V.V., professor, Doctor of Technical
Sciences S.Yu. Zheltov. The recognized leader is the Academician of Russian
Academy of Science E.A. Fedosov, whose merits in development of control
problems and data processing are marked by a number of Government Awards.
In 1970-1980 in connection with creation of a new generation
onboard special systems a number of new high technology problems of data
processing in complex fields of various physical nature have appeared.
Further, with development of means of digital data processing and appearance
of new high-resolution sensors of the information, the sphere of scientific
interests of school shifted to problems of processing and analysis of
images, detection of model objects in images in complex noise conditions.
One of the important problems arising in the given domain,
is the problem of operative preparation of flying missions of flight
vehicles which in turn dictates necessity of creation of methods of
automated construction of computer models of objects and scenes of the real
world, three-dimensional reconstruction and analysis of three-dimensional
The further progress of methods of computer vision and the
requirement to automate processes of data processing demands the solution of
problems of control over complex technical and robotic systems on the basis
of a complex data processing from sensors of various physical nature.
From the moment of origin of Academician E.A. Fedosov’s
scientific school it was focused on solution of particular applied problems
at development of fundamental bases of problems of data processing and
construction of technological approaches that were further realized in
particular physical devices on the basis of modern computer facilities.
The urgency of the studied problems is confirmed by
implementation of the developed methods in particular technical and
technological developments. The most significant applications of the
developed methods are created in interests of the defense industry - control
and guidance systems of special objects, target recognition systems in the
given conditions, including in complex noise conditions. The scientific
school conducted in-deep development of problem of robotic methods creation
of data processing in conditions of great variability. An essential step in
development of such methods was usage of three-dimensional representations
of scenes and objects for control and navigation.
The significant contribution of scientific school are:
Development of correlation and quasi-correlation
methods of data processing about physical fields for control of special
Development of hybrid methods of control for systems
with random parameters and random structure;
Development of methods of the detection based on the
analysis of characteristic features of physical fields;
Development of methods of image analysis with usage
of model (including three-dimensional) descriptions.
During the last years the important direction of researches
of scientific school is development of methods of data processing from
multi-sensor systems that allows to solve problems of control in complex
noise conditions. Development of methods of data processing of stereoscopic
systems of computer vision has allowed to increase robustness and
reliability of control systems. A number of developments conducted in the
world was stimulated by researches of our scientific school. These are such
as system development of machine stereo vision for intelligent transport
systems, development of automatic identification systems on the basis of
image processing, systems of contactless videometric measurements for
medical applications, fast creation of prototypes.
At present the goal of researches of scientific school is
development of methods of computer vision to solve problems of pattern
recognition and image processing, detection of model objects on images in
complex noise conditions, methods of the automated construction of computer
models of objects and scenes of the real world, three-dimensional
reconstruction and analysis of three-dimensional scenes, control over
complex technical and robotic systems on the basis of complex processing of
data from sensors of various physical nature.
The scientific school conducts development of principles of
technical vision construction for various applied problems, such as
navigating and guidance, high-precision measurement of parameters of parts
of the observed scene, tracking objects, three-dimensional reconstruction of
the observed scene and detection of the given three-dimensional structures
in it. The school conducts and carries out researches on development of
numerical - analytical and numerical methods of deformation mechanics of
solid-state bodies, approaches to numerical - analytical and numerical
models of composite shells mechanics, methods of optimization of
inhomogeneous materials, structures and systems.
Specialists of scientific school are the center of the
collective that executes projects in priority directions of the Federal
target program “National technological basis” (section “Technology of
information systems”). The scientific school introduces the essential
contribution to fulfilment of some federal target programs and grants of the
Russian fund of basic researches (RFFI) and Ministry of Education.
The basic recent scientific results of scientific school
have found reflection in the following monographies:
Air Defense Aviation of Russia and technological
progress: Battle complexes and systems yesterday, today, tomorrow / Under
edition of E.A. Fedosova, M: Drofa, 2001.
S.N. Vasil'ev, F.K. Zherlov, E.A. Fedosov, B.E.
Fedunov. Intellectual control of dynamic systems. Moscow, 2000.
E.A. Fedosov, K.S. Kolesnikov, G.G. Sebryakov.
Engineering, the encyclopedia, vol. 1-4, Automatic control. Theory. Moscow,
Bakulin V.N., Obraztsov I.F., Potopakhin V.A.
Dynamic problems of the non-linear theory of multilayer shells. Action of
intensive thermal-force loads, massed flows of energy - M. Nauks. Fizmatlit,
Control and behaviour of unmanned manoeuvrable
flight vehicles on the basis of modern information technologies./Under
edition of. M.N. Krasil'shchikov and G.G. Sebryakov - M. Fizmatlit, 2003.
Work of leading members of the scientific school is marked
by the State awards and premiums. The Academician of the Russian Academy of
Science Fedosov E.A. is awarded with the Lenin and State premium, awarded
with Academician B.N. Petrov medal; Corresponding member of the Russian
Academy of Science Sebryakov G.G. - with the Academician B.N. Petrov
The collective of scientific school is the stable and steady
formation, united by strongly pronounced leader - Academician E.A. Fedosov.
Under his guidance the following specialists became outstanding scientists:
Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Science Sebryakov G.G.,
professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences Zheltov, who, in turn, conduct
scientific guidance over new perspective post-graduate students and junior
The scientific school has deserved recognition in Russia and
abroad. International conferences conducted by the school testify to it,
such as conference on computer vision under presidency of Academician
Fedosov E.A. (1995), invitation of leading members of school to present
their plenary reports on the analysis of a current state of problems of
computer vision at such international forums as IFAC Symposium (St.
Petersburg, 2002), XVIII (Vienna, 1996) and XIX (Amsterdam, 2000) Congresses
of ISPRS (International Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sounding).
Members of scientific school participate in activity of international
workgroups on problems of computer vision of international societies SPIE
(International society on Optical Engineering), ISPRS, IFAC.